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An Easy Practice Guide For JavaScript SEO

An Easy Practice Guide for JavaScript SEO

JavaScript and SEO did not always go well together. Previously, search engines had difficulty crawling JavaScript, and this is why we still rarely see content embedded with it. The good news is that, with updates, Google can now crawl and render this programming language.

The use of JavaScript (JS) to improve your website’s design and functionality always comes with risks. Crawlers often misinterpret content and generate unwanted results. As of this posting, Google and Bing are the only search engines that can deal with JavaScript. While they have the biggest market share, amounting to more than 90%, several other bots are still crawling your page like Facebook and certain SEO crawlers. Most of them cannot handle JavaScript. It makes it difficult to create backlinks to your page or create a sitemap.

Although it has been proven that Google can now read JavaScript well, you are advised to use this program with caution. It also takes a lot of practice to perfect the use of JS.

Will JS Affect Your Page’s Loading Time?

JS websites require rendering by bots so they can be displayed. However, this process takes time. JS sites have higher loading times compared to pure HTML websites. However, with the use of the right tools, you can optimize your loading times.

JavaScript Events That May Affect SEO

Load events and user events can greatly affect SEO.

Load Event

This is fired by the browser once the site is completely loaded. Bots take a snapshot of the rendered content immediately. Those that were not posted after the load event activates will not be crawled and indexed because JS site content quickly changes, especially for news pages and social feeds on sites like Twitter and Facebook.

User Events

More events can be triggered via JS after the load event. Common examples include “onClick-Events.” These are user-triggered, like site content restriction or interactive navigation. However, these are not usually indexed because they happen after the load event.

Common JavaScript Errors That You Must Avoid

As mentioned earlier, Google can now render the elements of your JavaScript website after the load event quite well. It can read and index the snapshots similar to a traditional HTML page.

However, most problems with JavaScript and SEO occur due to improper implementation. Here’s a short list:

1. Indexable URLs

Your website needs a unique URL to be indexed. However, the pushState method that is created with JS does not generate a URL. You will need a server-side URL for every product presented in your JS website for them to be indexed.

2. pushState Errors

With the pushState method, URLs can be changed. The original URL should always be relayed to the server-side support to prevent duplicate content.

3. Missing Meta Data

One common JavaScript error most webmasters commit is the exclusion of meta data. The same SEO standards are being used on JS content.

You should always add a unique meta title and description for Google to identify whether your page is a good match for a search query.

4. HREF and SRC

Google requires links that it can follow to find more sites. You must always have links with href or src attributes in your documents.

5. Create Access for All Bots

As discussed above, not all bots can handle JS. Adding a title, meta description, and social tags in the HTML code may help.

6. Never Restrict JS Over Robots.txt

Make sure that Googlebot can crawl your JavaScript. Never exclude directories in the robots.txt.

7. Use a Current Sitemap

To show Google any possible changes in your JS content, keep the attribute “lastmod” updated in your XML sitemap.

While JavaScript can greatly improve the functionality of your page, it involves complex processes that are not easy to understand, especially if you are no expert in web development. While you can use some tools to create, edit, or check JS elements on your page, seeking professional advice is better.

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